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Primeur weekly 2019-03-11

Focus

Interview with EuroHPC JU interim executive director Gustav Kalbe ...

Quantum computing

9,1 million euro for trinational quantum research ...

IBM achieves highest quantum volume to date and establishes roadmap for reaching quantum advantage ...

Microsoft Quantum Team is announcing the Microsoft Quantum Network ...

Los Alamos National Laboratory upgrades to D-Wave 2000Q quantum computer ...

New hurdle cleared in race toward quantum computing ...

Focus on Europe

Hyperion Research invites submissions for HPC Innovation Excellence Awards ...

Optalysys launches world's first commercial optical processing system, the FT:X 2000 ...

SDSC's Research Data Services to host first U.S. GO FAIR Office ...

Intel to support the Irish Centre for High End Computing on new collaborative quantum computing project ...

New simulation methods to visualise quantum effects in superfluid fermions ...

Middleware

International team to organize 2019 survey of MPI usages ...

Energy Laboratory chooses Qumulo's file storage for its computational science centre ...

Hardware

Mellanox showcases live system demonstrations of LinkX 200G & 400G cables and transceivers at OFC 2019 ...

Alan D. George named Interim Director of the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center ...

ScaleMP and AMD announce strategic collaboration for scale-up EPYC servers ...

NVIDIA to acquire Mellanox for $6,9 billion ...

Air Force Research Laboratory introduces new sharable supercomputing capability for classified research ...

Applications

High CO2 levels can destabilize marine layer clouds ...

Using supercomputers to checkmate cancer ...

Revealing the role of neutron stars in gravitational wave discoveries ...

UC San Diego scientists computationally model chemical realities of water ...

TACC assists in massive data collection effort in lung development to help premature babies ...

New AI tool revolutionizes process for matching cancer patients with clinical trials ...

Raph Hix models the inner workings of supernovae on the world’s most powerful supercomputers ...

EPFL researchers simulate the process of adhesive wear ...

The Cloud

Oracle participates in National Science Foundation Cloud for scientific research project ...

IBM achieves highest quantum volume to date and establishes roadmap for reaching quantum advantage


4 Mar 2019 Boston - At the 2019 American Physical Society March Meeting, IBM has unveiled a new scientific milestone, announcing its highest quantum volume to date. Quantum Volume is a measurement, a procedure developed by IBM, that determines how powerful a quantum computer is, accounting for both gate and measurement errors, device cross talk, as well as device connectivity and circuit compiler efficiency. It follows that the higher the Quantum Volume, the more real-world, complex problems quantum computers can potentially solve, such as simulating chemistry, modeling financial risk, and supply chain optimization.

IBM has doubled the power of its quantum computers annually since 2017. IBM first made quantum computers available to the public in May, 2016 through its IBM Q Experience quantum Cloud service.

IBM's recently unveiled IBM Q System One quantum computer, with a fourth-generation 20-qubit processor, has produced a Quantum Volume of 16, roughly double that of the current IBM Q 20-qubit IBM Q Network devices, which have a Quantum Volume of 8.

A variety of factors determine Quantum Volume, including the number of qubits, connectivity, and coherence time, plus accounting for gate and measurement errors, device cross talk, and circuit software compiler efficiency.

In addition to producing the highest Quantum Volume to date, IBM Q System One's performance reflects some of the lowest error rates IBM has ever measured, with an average 2-qubit gate error less than 2 percent, and its best gate achieving less than 1 percent error rate. To build a fully-functional, large-scale, universal, fault-tolerant quantum computer, long coherence times and low error rates are required.

Quantum Volume is a fundamental performance metric that measures progress in the pursuit of Quantum Advantage, the point at which quantum applications deliver a significant, practical benefit beyond what classical computers alone are capable. Potential use cases, such as precisely simulating battery-cell chemistry for electric vehicles, delivering a quadratic speedup in derivative pricing, and many others are already being investigated by IBM Q Network partners. To achieve Quantum Advantage in the 2020s, IBM believes that we will need to continue to at least double Quantum Volume every year.

In "Cramming more components onto integrated circuits" in 1965, Gordon Moore postulated that the number of components per integrated function would grow exponentially for classical computers. IBM Q system progress since 2017 presents a similar early growth pattern, supporting the premise that Quantum Volume will need to double every year, presenting a clear roadmap toward achieving Quantum Advantage.

"Today, we are proposing a roadmap for quantum computing, as our IBM Q team is committed to reaching a point where quantum computation will provide a real impact on science and business", stated Dr. Sarah Sheldon, lead of the IBM Q Quantum Performance team, dedicated to quantum verification at IBM Research. "While we are making scientific breakthroughs and pursuing early uses cases for quantum computing, our goal is to continue to drive higher quantum volume to ultimately demonstrate quantum advantage."

Source: IBM

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2019-03-11

Focus

Interview with EuroHPC JU interim executive director Gustav Kalbe ...

Quantum computing

9,1 million euro for trinational quantum research ...

IBM achieves highest quantum volume to date and establishes roadmap for reaching quantum advantage ...

Microsoft Quantum Team is announcing the Microsoft Quantum Network ...

Los Alamos National Laboratory upgrades to D-Wave 2000Q quantum computer ...

New hurdle cleared in race toward quantum computing ...

Focus on Europe

Hyperion Research invites submissions for HPC Innovation Excellence Awards ...

Optalysys launches world's first commercial optical processing system, the FT:X 2000 ...

SDSC's Research Data Services to host first U.S. GO FAIR Office ...

Intel to support the Irish Centre for High End Computing on new collaborative quantum computing project ...

New simulation methods to visualise quantum effects in superfluid fermions ...

Middleware

International team to organize 2019 survey of MPI usages ...

Energy Laboratory chooses Qumulo's file storage for its computational science centre ...

Hardware

Mellanox showcases live system demonstrations of LinkX 200G & 400G cables and transceivers at OFC 2019 ...

Alan D. George named Interim Director of the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center ...

ScaleMP and AMD announce strategic collaboration for scale-up EPYC servers ...

NVIDIA to acquire Mellanox for $6,9 billion ...

Air Force Research Laboratory introduces new sharable supercomputing capability for classified research ...

Applications

High CO2 levels can destabilize marine layer clouds ...

Using supercomputers to checkmate cancer ...

Revealing the role of neutron stars in gravitational wave discoveries ...

UC San Diego scientists computationally model chemical realities of water ...

TACC assists in massive data collection effort in lung development to help premature babies ...

New AI tool revolutionizes process for matching cancer patients with clinical trials ...

Raph Hix models the inner workings of supernovae on the world’s most powerful supercomputers ...

EPFL researchers simulate the process of adhesive wear ...

The Cloud

Oracle participates in National Science Foundation Cloud for scientific research project ...